Research Resources

RESEARCH RESOURCES for articles, chapters, and books (restricted to Wesleyan access)

Open Access

Citing print sources in a paper

In the bibliography include: author, title of book, chapter, or article (and page numbers if it’s a chapter or article), volume and issue number of journal if appropriate, date of publication, publisher or journal title. In a footnote citation, include the page number cited. If the source is a chapter in an edited collection, be sure to reference it by the author of the chapter first (the editor of the collection should also appear later in the body of the reference). When using footnotes, only include the long form the first time; use the short form thereafter.

If a print source was retrieved via JSTOR, Project Muse, or any other similar database of print sources, treat it as a print source only (including all the information above). As long as it initially appeared in print and you have the original page numbers, it is not necessary to provide any web information about how you retrieved it.

The easiest and most effective approach is to find an academic book or article that looks good to you and simply use the bibliography in it as a guide. You are safest with books published by university presses or scholarly journals.


Alim, H. Samy, Awad Ibrahim, and Alastair Pennycook (eds.)

2009       Global Linguistic Flows: Hip Hop Cultures, Youth Identities, and the Politics of Language. New York: Routledge.

Anyidoho, Kofi

1983       Oral Poetics and Traditions of Verbal Art in Africa. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas, Austin.

Baker, Esther Marian

2002       Handlin’ Rhymes: Hip Hop in Dakar, Senegal. MA thesis, University of California at Los Angeles.

Barrow, Steve and Peter Dalton

1997       Reggae: The Rough Guide. London: The Rough Guides.

Duka, John

1984       “In Paris, a Young Black Society,” New York Times (April 20): A16.

Grass, Randall

1986       “Fela Anikulapo-Kuti: The Art of an Afrobeat Rebel,” The Drama Review 30(1): 131-148.

Gross, Joan, David McMurray, and Ted Swedenburg

2002       “Arab Noise and Ramadan Nights: Rai, Rap, and Franco-Maghrebi Identities,” in Jonathan Xavier Inda and Renato Rosaldo (eds.), The Anthropology of Globalization: A Reader, Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing, 198-230.

For more info on citing sources, see the Olin library page here or Purdue Online Writing Lab


Posting youtube videos to a course blog

To jump to a specific time in a youtube video posted on a blog, visit


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